What function does the author's name perform in a text, besides that of identification. Foucault says that we need to have some sort of theory to explain or analyze questions about what counts as an author's "work.
Or The Cantebury Tales. As discourse spreads and morphs -- becomes a shape-shifter in cyberspace -- it acquires additions and variations while continuing to undergo transformations since an alter-ego borrows a text from another then taking that text in its altered form to a third location in a constant process of ever-wider dissemination.
Yet the living person inspiring those passions is now long gone. If you have found this material useful, please give credit to Dr. Foucault on authorship Foucault's example is that of heresy: It is a request to be seen and heard. Writing has become linked to sacrifice, even to the sacrifice of life: Is an author only a "linkage" from the text to a name.
Foucault says that philosophers and poets are not constructed as authors in the same way, but that there are some transhistorical constants in how authors are culturally constructed.
Moreover, the text is also made better by good readers. One would think that the analysis of a text would require a deeper look into the life and the character of the author.
The point to bear in mind is that the author is distinct from the person who writes the texts that we admire. In deciding between the idea of the author as exclusively the empirical reality of Charles Dickens with his backache and upset stomach arriving in New York, and the author as the persona standing behind the narratives appearing under the name "Charles Dickens," Foucault suggests that we play off "one against the other, two ways of characterizing writing, namely, the critical and the religious approaches.
Author as a legal construction, connected to questions of heresy, slander, and libel. In the poststructuralist view, however, relations between author, text, and reader are replaced by an understanding of the relations between language as a structure and subjects positions we inhabit within the structure of language.
This is a point reinforced and not challenged by the principle of parsimony.
Even after the arrival of writing there was little worry about attribution or identification of the teller of the tale. Foucault is saving Shakespeare for later in his essay; it seems only fair that I do the same.
Samuel Clemens is a name attached to a specific individual, who is now gone; Mark Twain is an author associated with certain texts in a mysterious relationship, who is very much alive within those texts, amusing many and troubling others with unanticipated questions.
Victor Eremita, Climacus, Anti-Climacus, Frater Taciturnus, Constantine Constantius, are each narrators of different levels of intelligence and values, and different degrees of reliability.
Assuming for the moment that philosophy is best thought of as non-fiction, which is not at all clear, then it seems that the philosopher's name exists only to the extent that it performs a certain function.
The Differences between Barthes and Foucault on Authorship Monica Lancini, EnglishThe basic difference between Barthes' essay and Foucault's one is the general perspective on the subject of authorship, which doesn't prevent them from coming to similar conclusions.
In his text What is an Author, Foucault makes several arguments as to what characteristics are needed to establish an individual as an author.
An ordinary “discourse” given from one individual to another does not constitute authorship. The main point reiterated throughout the text is the idea of. What Is an Author? Michel Foucault, The coming into being of the notion of "author" constitutes the privileged moment of individualization in the history.
Another great introductory essay, Foucault's "What Is an Author?" won't just tell you what Foucault thinks authors' names are good for; it'll also give you a good sense of how he thinks discourse works.
And since this essay is a direct response to Barthes's "The Death of the Author" (), you'll. Jul 01, · Michel Foucault and the Authorship Question. July 11, at P.M. The following essay was subjected to numerous attacks when I first posted it at MSN and blogger.
Subject: Image Created Date: 5/17/ PM. One key text within the structuralist literature on authorship introduced above is an essay by Michel Foucault ( ) in which he poses the question, ‘what is an author?’ (for our purposes the ‘author’ can be understood as the ‘artist’).Foucault on authorship